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term: bioengineering

Determination:

field of science and technology focusing on biological or medical applications of engineering principles.

Description:

Bioengineering tasks range from creation of artificial organs to compensate reduced or lost physiological functions (biomedical engineering), to the development of genetically modified organisms, such as agricultural plants and animals (genetic engineering), and molecular engineering of compounds with desired properties (protein engineering, engineering enzymology). In non-medical aspects bioengineering is closely related to biotechnology. ...

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absorption edge

Determination:

energy of electromagnetic radiation, above which there is a sharp increase in absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a substance.

Description:

The increase in absorption is due to the fact that the energy of quanta of electromagnetic radiation becomes sufficient for the transfer of electrons, interacting with the quanta, into the excited state. Typical examples of spectra, containing absorption edges, are:

1) X-ray absorption ...