transistor (rus. транзистор) — (Engl. transfer and resistor) — three-electrode semiconductor device to amplify, generate and transform electric oscillation.


Transistors are normally devices of two types: a bipolar junction transistor, the invention by Bardeen, Brattain and Shockley (Nobel Prize in Physics, 1956) and a field-effect transistor. These semiconductor devices are different in the operating concept but have the common property of amplifying electrical signals. This feature enables them to be used as the main active elements in semiconductor electronics. At the same time, the elements used in today’s large-scale integrated circuits are mostly field-effect transistors.


  • Naymushina Daria A.
  • Soldatov Eugene S.