"bottom–up" nanotechnology (rus. нанотехнология типа "снизу–вверх") — a technology used to produce nanostructured materials, in which nanoparticles are formed from atoms and molecules, i.e. original structural elements are enlarged to the nanoscale size.


Technologies of this type include techniques of producing isolated nanoparticles, nanopowders and compact nanomaterials, such as gas-phase synthesis with vapour condensation, plasma chemical technique, precipitation from colloid solutions, chemical and physical deposition of films and coatings from vapour (CVD and PVD), plasma and liquid solutions on a substrate, electrodeposition of films and coatings, thermal decomposition (pyrolysis) and detonation synthesis.


  • Gusev Alexander I.


  1. Gusev A. I. Nanomaterials, Nanostructures, and Nanotechnologies (in Russian) // Fizmatlit, Moscow (2007) - 416 pp.
  2. Rempel A. A., Nanotechnologies. Properties and applications of nanostructured materials (in Russian) // CHEM REV. 2007. v.76. 435–461 pp.

Contact us