nanoscale (rus. нанодиапазон) — a region of dimension scale between 1 and 100 nm, in which all major interactions in nanosystems occur and which limits geometrical dimensions of nano-objects in one or more dimensions.


Nanoscale is a dimensional region bordering with microscale (dimensions measured in microns), which defines the so-called “structure-sensitive” properties of materials (e.g., for ceramics – properties depending on size of grain), and atomic scale, which determines the basic properties of substances. The resultant action of all effects observed at each of these levels describes an object at large on the macrolevel.

Properties of an object distinct from the chemical, physical or biological properties of a substance in its macrostate (volume state) become evident in the nanoscale. For example, effects like quantisation and tunnelling are manifested on the nanoscale, and the role of intermolecular interactions (Van der Waals forces, hydrogen bonds, etc.) becomes evident.


  • Goldt Ilya V.
  • Goodilin Evgeny A.


  1. Eliseev A., Sinickijj A. Philosophy of nanosynthesis (in Russian) // Nanoazbuka. — Moscow, 2008. — (reference date: 12.12.2011).
  2. Todua P. A. Metrology in Nanotechnology (in Russian) // Rossijjskie nanotekhnologii. 2007. V. 2, No1–2. P. 61–69.
  3. «Micro» vs «nano»? (in Russian) // Nanoazbuka. — Moscow, 2008. — (reference date: 12.12.2011).

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