electron microscopy abbr., EM (rus. микроскопия, электронная) — a combination of techniques for studying microstructure of specimens (down to the atomic and molecular levels), their local composition and electrostatic and magnetic fields localisised on the surfaces of in microvolumes using electron microscopes.


In addition to having an applied purpose, electron microscopy exists as an independent scientific field with the following goals and objectives: upgrade and development of new instruments and attachments; development of techniques for the preparation of samples observed under electron microscopes; study of electron-optical image generation mechanism; development of new methods for analysing various data (not limited to images alone) obtained with electron microscopes.


  • Veresov Alexander G.
  • Saranin Alexander A.


  1. Electron microscopy // The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian), 3rd. Edition // Moscow: Sovetskaja ehnciklopedija, 1969–1978.
  2. Handbook of microscopy for nanotechnology / Ed. by Nan Yao, Zhong Lin Wang. — Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2005. — 731 p.

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